You can reduce the effects of greenhouse gases and pollutants by increasing the number and type of your plantings to ensure that more carbon dioxide is absorbed and by using natural fertilizers. The trees and shrubs you use, as well as their placement, also reduce impacts on the environment by increasing natural air flow while reducing dust, pollutants and temperature modifications.
When caring for your lawn and landscaping, try to sustain and enhance the health of the soil and plantings in a manner that works within the natural ecology â€“ e.g., using indigenous plantings that require little or no watering, fertilizers or pesticides.
Under natural conditions, rainwater soaks into the soil and is then taken up by plantings or moves deeper into the groundwater system. When you add impervious surfaces â€“ through soil compaction, the loss of ground cover or with buildings and road, parking lot and driveway paving â€“ you increase water runoff, decrease infiltration and create flooding. Consider water conservation and protection of water quality. Work to protect wetlands, streams and ponds on and near your property. And reduce rainwater runoff with rain gardens or a simple rain barrel.
The way in which you landscape can be environmentally friendly to your backyard wildlife by providing food and shelter, while reducing pests.
More information on this topic may be found at: http://www.nwf.org/gardenforwildlife/certify.cfm